Republic of Ireland
Ireland became the first country to enact a comprehensive nation-wide smoke-free law in 2004. The ITC project has been able to monitor the effects of that law on reactions and perceptions of smokers, and will continue to report on the effectiveness of new tobacco control policies as they are implemented. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was signed and ratified on September 16, 2003, and November 7, 2005, respectively.
|Population (2006 estimate)||4,062,235|
|Life expectancy (2002 estimate)||Males: 75 years, Females: 81 years|
|Healthy life expectancy (2002 estimate)||Males: 68.1 years, Females: 71.5 years|
|Ethnic groups||Celtic, English|
|GDP per capita (2004)||$36, 371|
|Median age||34 years|
Smoking Prevalence and Associated Costs:
- Cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use in Ireland.
- Smoking prevalence for both sexes have been declining since the 1980s, and stood in 2004 at 24%. This is down from 29% in 1994, which was already brought down from 35% in 1980.
- In 2000, smoking accounted for 18% of all deaths in Ireland.
- Ireland is the first country in the world to ban smoking in enclosed workplaces that included bars and restaurants.
- Ireland has no legislation in place that restricts the sale of tobacco in vending machines and self-service displays.
- The minimum age for purchasing tobacco in Ireland is 18 years old.
Shawn Allwright (Principal Investigator)
ITC Affiliated Institutions:
Sources: World Health Organization, CIA World Factbook, Ireland Office of Tobacco Control, Tobacco Control. (14): 73 - 74. 2005.
The ITC Scotland Project launched its first wave in 2004 (along with ITC Ireland) and completed its final wave of surveys in 2007.
|Population (2006 estimate)||5,116,900|
|Life expectancy (2006 estimate)||Males: 74.8 years, Females: 79.7 years|
|Healthy life expectancy (2006 estimate)||Males: 64.6 years, Females: 67.2 years|
|Ethnic groups||White Scottish 88.09%, toher white British 7.38%, Indian 0.3%, Pakistani 0.63%, Bangladeshi 0.04%, Chinese 0.32%, other South Asian 0.12%, Caribbean 0.04%, African 0.1%, Black Scottish/any other Black background 0.02%, Any mixed background 0.25%, Any other background 0.19%|
|GDP per capita (2001)||$23,632|
|Median age (2004)||39.8 years|
Smoking Prevalence and Related Costs:
- 25% of the Scottish populations smokes
- smoking is most common among 25 to 34 year old men (34%) and this is also the age gruop where there is the alrgest differences between men and women. Smoking increases among males between the ages of 16-24 and 25-34 but the same pattern is not seen in women
- in 2004, 1403 men and 1504 women in Scotland died from chronic obstructive and lower respiratory diseases
- in 2005, 2151 mena dn 1772 women in Scotland died from lung cancer
- in 2005, just over a third of all accidental dwelling fire deaths in the UK were caused by smokers' materials (i.e. cigarettes, cigars or pipe tobacco)
- taxation on tobacco is currently 63% of the retail price
- direct advertising is banned on nationa (but not international) TV and radio and local magazines and newspapers
- all healthcare facilities, educational facilities, governmental facilities, and indoor offices and workplaces are smoke-free
- all pubs, bars and restaurants are also smoke-free
- on October 1, 2008, the UK government will require pictoral warnings on cigarette packages (currently require text warnings that cover 30% of display area)
Ireland/Scotland Contact Information
Mary McNally,Project Manager. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sources: Registrar General's Review of Scotland's Population, Scottish Publish Health Observatory website, Scottish Government website, Tobacco Information Scotland website, WHO MPower Report 2008